Saturday, 29 March 2008

Ravi, Avi and Agrima

They are very nice children and never fought during their stay of one and half years.


Our daughter Agrita and Agrima left for Nepal

The most innocent and beautiful Nepalese children that I ever seen are Agrita and Agrima Rijal. They are just five years old but they use to talk and take part in discussion as a matured person.
They are nicest daughters. They stayed in Goettingen around 1 and half years and leaving for Nepal on 31 March 2008. They were very good friends of our sons Ravi and Avi. Since they know that their sisters Agrita and Agrima is leaving them for Nepal, they are very sad and experiencing loneliness.
We pray for their nice and pleasant journey and better future and education there.


Personal website operated by candidate: first time in Nepal

This news does not intend to influence people to vote or not for Narahari Acharya, it just like to praise his intellectuality and creativity in utilizing modern means of information technology.
Today, while surfing the internet, I found a link that is created and published by Narahari Acharya targeting his success in upcoming CA election. As far as my knowledge, this is first time in Nepal, individual candidate has been published website to let know voters and people about him. This might be very small things but giant steps in Nepal.
The intellectual like him can only do something new in Nepal. He is profound leaders with creativity and full of intellectuals. He has been fighting inside Nepali Congress Party for internal freedom and democratization. He was one of the most prolific leader fighting against Gyanendra's dynasty. He was one of the visionaries for reconstructing Nepal and holding CA election, however he has been kept backside even inside his own party. I donot know whether he win or loss, and also does not ask anyone to vote for him or not, but he is one of the person who should be provided opportunity to materialize his vision on restructing Nepal whether via. election or else way.
The links of his website is:

Agrata and Agrima left our children alone in Goettingen.

Agrata Rijal, Agrima Rijal, Ravi Raman K.C., and Avi Raman K.C. playing together before Agrata and Agrima's departure to Kathmandu. The relationship they made here in Goettingen, is hearty and intimate! Ravi and Avi will miss two sisters and Agrama and Agrita will certainly miss the companionship of two brothers. We hope that in future also, we could provide them same enviroment and situation as they got here. We pray for these children' beautiful future and hope they will glitter the country's and our name in the world arena by doing wonderful and philanthropic jobs.

Goettingeli Nepalese Samaj members left for Nepal to contribute in CA election

We are very lucky and thankful to few of our family members, who went to Nepal to support and cast vote in upcoming Election for Constituent Assembly. Since this election is considered as the event that comes in life time, our members managed time and other things to go and support the nation building process. Irrespective of party politics, they are there only to contribute the national agenda of CA election. That is too worthy. (photo: Mr. Netra Bhandari, discussing about CA election and our responsibilities recently held in Goettingen)
People living outside country doesnot mean that they are away from national agenda and responsibilities. They, as the conscious and somewhat resouceful civilians, have more responsiblities than other common people. Hence, 4 members of our Goettingeli Nepalese Samaj, Germany left for Nepal. Mr. Netra Bhandari, Ms. Archana Gauli, Mr. Babu Ram Rijal and Mrs. Pratima Rijal, all chose this time to go there for contributing the CA election. Irrespective of party politics, they are there to cast vote for capable candidates.
We, as the Goettingeli Samaj, would like to thank for their dedication towards nation and efforts they made to fulfill the national agenda. As popular saying, drops and drops make the sea, their efforts and contribution will also make the national agenda come true. We salute your endeavors, all of four dear friends ! Also, would like to request other Nepalese friends from all over the world, to contribute at the fullest capacity to create environment and successful CA election.

Monday, 24 March 2008


By Prasanna Yonzon
The global trade in wild animals and plants legal and illegal is worth billions of dollars which includes hundreds of millions of plant and animal specimens, and a large variety of products derived from them. Trafficking of wildlife and its body part is the second largest illicit trade beside narcotics. South Asia is a fertile ground for trafficking of wildlife products, as there is limited monitoring and people are not aware of the implication of the trade. Therefore, illegal trafficking of wildlife could do an irreversible damage to Nepal's natural heritage. Nepal has an open border with India on the south and the Autonomous Region of Tibet, China on the north, which has been the gateway for such thriving illegal activities. Tiger skin seized in Boudha 109 Leopard skin seizure in Swayambhu, 2003. South Asia (India and Nepal) holds the largest population of the Asian one horned Indian rhinoceros and more than half the total population of Royal Bengal tiger which is under constant threat from poaching. The wildlife has had all time high poaching from 2001 onwards. During the fiscal year 2002-2003, rhino’s mortality rose to 58 individuals - a little over 9% of the total population (612), which meant rhinos were being lost more than they were being born (growth rate 3.2% annual). Of these, 38 fell to poachers while 20 died natural death. If such trend persists, a catastrophic effect is in the offing whereby we could lose the charismatic endangered one horned rhino. Since last April till date, Nepal lost 20 rhinos in Chitwan alone of which 12 were poached.
Beetles smuggled in cotton balls
Of the non-charismatic species in 2001 alone, 194 specimen representing 4 species of stag beetles were confiscated from two Japanese national while they were boarding a plane from Kathmandu. This did not deter another set of 'wildlife entrepreneurs' from collecting over 200 specimens of 6 species in 2002, which were also confiscated. A pair of stag beetle fetches a little over Nepali Rs. 150,000 in Japan. To capitalize on the illicit invertebrate trade, in the name of research, identification and scientific publications Nepal's invertebrate are being exported. In 2003, the Kanchenjunga Conservation Area personnel seized 1,139 arthropod specimen representing 243 species from a German group, which now claims that the purpose of collection was for scientific reasons only.
Recently in Tibet, a consignment with a price tag of around US$ 800,000 was seized which contained 32 tiger pelts, 579 leopard skins and 665 otter pelts. These were transported in trucks from Nepal. Some other notorious seizures in 2003 were the 109-leopard skin near Swaymbhu Temple; 215 kg of shahtoosh wool (it is estimated that at least 3,000 Chiru -Tibetan Antelope must have been killed) in Dharchula, India indicates Nepal as a major conduit with thriving market. This worries all nations including Nepal that are state party to Convention on International Trade and Endangered Species of Flora and Fauna (CITES). A few more examples. Last year, a Nepali man disembarking in Narita airport, Tokyo was caught with 7 rhino horns. About four years back, an eminent Bhutan lady with diplomatic immunity was found with 8 rhino horn in Taiwan. With such high intricacies of individual involvement, illegal wildlife trade seems to be increasing amongst influential elites and no institution seems to take the lead to investigate.
Given these, we need to be more proactive and responsible as all these illegal wildlife products pass through the scrutiny of many line agencies situated at international airport and at custom centers in border areas. To contemplate seriously on addressing these problems, line agencies including stakeholders need to be more vigilant.
Despite the strong legislation on wildlife conservation the National Park and Wildlife Conservation Act 1973 clearly states that any animal listed in the protected schedule (27 mammals, 3 reptiles and 9 birds) hurt or injured shall be taken as a crime against the state and the delinquent is liable to penitentiary, fine or both. Such should deter poachers from poaching activities, but instead poaching occurs in most protected areas because of rewards outweigh punishment.
Last August, Wildlife Conservation Nepal, which was established with the objectives to monitor and curb illegal wildlife trade in rural and urban areas of Nepal took the lead with the Department of National Park and Wildlife Conservation to bring over 30 stakeholders to a two day deliberation on developing strategy to curb poaching in protected areas. The program was supported by Care for the Wild International and The Rufford Laing Foundation, both UK based charity organizations. In this deliberation, all officers and rangers of the Department were provided with warm gears by Care for the Wild International to monitor the highly elusive snow
leopard movement in extreme cold climate. The concept of such deliberation was to draw out a policy in mitigating poaching. To strengthen this deliberation, the Department had developed an anti poaching strategy for Royal Chitwan National Park, which is currently being implemented.
Today, the process of broadening stewardship and stakeholders towards limiting poaching beyond protected areas may perhaps require able and reputable organizations. In this regard, Wildlife Conservation Nepal has initiated networks with different line agencies and stakeholders of which one of them is the Nepal Ex-Police Association, which have a very extensive network in Nepal. In Chitwan alone, there are more than 5,000 members, which could be used as a tool to combat poaching outside the protected areas by informing the community that these ex-policemen have been pressed into service once again for the conservation of wildlife. This would be a good deterrence to poachers.
Strict protection measures alone cannot address wildlife conservation and poaching. It requires the support of the local community. Information sharing to control poaching needs to be developed amongst enforcement agencies and stakeholders, which is hard to come by. Furthermore, we need to understand that poaching is a part of livelihood of certain group who subsist on forest resources. Elsewhere in the world, poachers are put into conservation services and there have been success stories as in the case of Pabitora Wildlife sanctuary in Assam for rhino conservation. We need to distinguish between poachers and wildlife traders. The latter is an ominous threat to our wildlife and to keep our conservation stories intact, perhaps more support are needed from the public sector as well.

Friday, 21 March 2008

कुहिरो र धूइरो; पारिजात र शिरीष

"जसले कुहिरो भएर बरी र मलाई प्रत्यक्ष, शिवराजलाई अप्रत्यक्ष रूपले बेरेको छ, शायद त्यो कहिल्यै फाट्दैन र हामी कहिल्यै एउटा पर्दा उघारेर एक–अर्कालाई हेर्न सक्तैनौँ।" – शिरीषको फूल बाट
• डा. तीर्थबहादुर श्रेष्ठ
Dashain र तिहारको आगमनसँगै काठमाडौँ उपत्यकामा कुहिरो लाग्न थाल्छ। जब बादल आकाशमा नउडी जमिनलाई चुम्बन गर्नतिर लहसिन्छ त्यही अल्छी बादललाई हामी कुहिरो भन्दछौँ। रातमा जमिन सेलाएपछि बिहानीपख वायुको तापक्रम घट्दै गई वायुले आफ्नो गर्भभित्रका जलकण ओकलेर कुहिरो निर्माण गरिदिन्छ। अनि वायुले आफ्नो पारदर्शिता गुमाउँछ। हामी टाढाका वस्तु देख्न सक्तैनौँ। कुहिरो बाक्लो भयो भने त्यसलाई हुस्सु भन्दछौँ। अनि थोरै दूरीका वस्तु पनि स्पष्ट हुँदैनन्। सडक र हवाई यातायातमा समेत अवरोध पुग्छ। पुसमाघतिर रातको तापक्रम अझ शीघ्रातिशीघ्र घट्न सक्छ। त्यस्तो स्थितिमा वायुमा रहेको वाफ कुहिरोमा परिणत हुन नपाउँदै जम्न थाल्छ र तुषारो बन्दछ।
खुल्ला ठाउँ र चौरहरू चिनी छरेझैँ सेताम्य हुन्छन्। तर, वातावरण अधिक प्रदूषित छ भने तुषारो पर्न सक्दैन। कुहिरोले नै आफ्नो राज जमाउँछ। यता आएर काठमाडौँको कुहिरो कुहिरो रहेन। धूवाँ र धूलोले लादिएको हुनाले यो 'धूइरो' संज्ञा पाउन लायक भएको छ। नेपाली बृहत् शब्दकोश अनुसार चारैतिरबाट एकैठाउँमा जम्मा हुने क्रियालाई धूइरो भनिँदो रहेछ। वर्तमान काठमाडौँको नियति पनि धूइरो नै हो। यस लेखमा चाहिँ धूइरो भन्नाले धूँवा र धूलोसहितको कुहिरोलाई प्रस्ट्याउन खोजिएको हो। सन् १९५० को दशकमा बेलायतीहरूले कुहिरो (FOG) लाई (Smog) भने। यसको कारण, कुहिरोमा धूवाँ ९क्कयपभ० मिसिनु नै थियो। हामीले पनि बँदेल र सुँगुरको ठिमाहालाई बङ्गुर भन्नेजस्तै अब राजधानी उपत्यकाको हिउँदे कुहिरोलाई 'धूइरो' नामकरण किन नगर्ने?
नेपाली रैथाने (माइमोसा)ः शिरीष।
बिहानीको हावा खान निस्कनेहरू सबै धूइरोबाट सावधान हुनुपर्ला। त्यो स्वस्थकर नभई हानिकारक हुन्छ– आँखा र फोक्सोका लागि। दमखोकीका रोगीहरू त धूइरोबाट टाढा हुनु नै जाती हुन्छ। आजकलको धूइरो दिनपर दिन विशाक्त हुँदैछ, त्यसबाट दमखोकी मात्र नभई क्यान्सरजस्ता अनेकौँ रोगको कारण पनि यही धूइरो बन्न सक्छ। प्रत्येक दिनझैँ यहाँका सडकमा टायर बल्न थालेको छ। हाम्रो युवापुस्ताको आक्रोश होस् वा लोकनेताहरूको प्यास– ट्रकका ट्रक टायर खरानी भइसक्दा पनि शान्त भएको छैन। बलेको टायरबाट उत्कर्ष हुने धूँवामा डाइअक्सिन एवं 'पाहज' (PAHs) लगायत अनेकौँ विशाक्त रसायन मौजूद हुने हुनाले विशेष नियन्त्रित भट्टीमा समेत बाल्न निषेध छ– अमेरिका र अन्य देशमा। टायरको धूँवाले क्यान्सर रोग निम्त्याउने, यौनशक्ति क्षीण हुने र शारीरिक विकासमा बाधा पुग्ने वैज्ञानिक तथ्यहरू इन्टरनेट भरी व्याप्त छन्। विद्यार्थी एवं युवाहरूमा यो चेतना प्रवाह नहुनु चिन्ताको विषय हो। उनीहरूलाई यस्तो आत्मघाती कार्यमा लगाउनु निश्चय पनि धूइरो दिमागकै उपज हुनुपर्छ।
काठमाडौँको कुहिरोसँग इन्द्रजात्राको प्रसङ्ग जोड्ने चलन छ। आफ्नी आमाको निम्ति पूजा सजाउन स्वर्गलोकका इन्द्र काठमाडौँ आएर पारिजातको फूल टिप्न लाग्दा तिनलाई चोर भनी नियन्त्रणमा लिएर डोरीले पाता कसी बीच सडकमै जात्रा गरेको दिनमा हामी इन्द्रजात्रा मनाउँदछौँ। त्यस बन्धनबाट मुक्त गराउन इन्द्रकी आमा स्वयं काठमाडौँ आएर छोराको बदलामा कुहिरो दिने वाचा गरी इन्द्रलाई फर्काएर लग्छिन्। त्यही कुहिरोले गर्दा धानबाली समयमा पाक्ने भयो भन्ने कथन अझै पनि जनजिब्रोमा जीवितै छ। यसैगरी पारिजात फूलका बारे पनि रोचक पौराणिक कथाहरू सुन्न पाइन्छ। यसको सुगन्ध र रातको महकलाई लिएर कतैकतै यस फूललाई रातकी रानी पनि भन्ने चलन छ। वैज्ञानिक क्षेत्रमा पनि यस बिरुवाको जातीय नाम निक्टान्थस (Nyctanthus) अर्थात् निशा–पुष्प हो। यो जाई परिवारको वनस्पति हो, तर यसको पात भने कमलो र मुलायम नभई झण्डै खाक्सी जस्तै खस्रो हुन्छ।
पारिजातको फूल महिलाको नाकको फुलीझैँ फक्रिएको हुन्छ र चाँदी जस्तै सेतो हुन्छ। फुलीको नली भने सुन्तले रंगमा अलि पहेँलो पहेँलो हुन्छ। यस फूलप्रति इन्द्र, कुवेर, कृष्ण र सत्यभामा समेत मोहित भएका शास्त्रोक्तिहरू भेटिन्छन्; तर पारिजातको दुखान्तकथा पनि कम मार्मिक छैन। पारिजातक एक राजपुत्री थिइन्। तिनको अगाध प्रेम सूर्यसँग कायम हुन्छ। पछि गएर सूर्यले तिनलाई तिरस्कार गर्छन्। प्रेमपीडामा पारिजातले आत्महत्या गर्छिन्। दाहसंस्कार हुन्छ। त्यहाँको खरानीबाट एउटा वनस्पति पैदा हुन्छ। त्यही हो, पारिजात। रातको सन्नाटामा बोटै भरी फूल फुल्दछन्, तर सूर्योदय हुनुअगावै सबै झरी पनि हाल्छन्। शायद सूर्यलाई तिरस्कार गर्छन् यी फूलहरू। अनेक देवदेवीको प्रिय यो फूल बटुल्न साँझैदेखि पारिजातको बोटमुनितिर चोखो कपडा वा नाङ्लो ओछ्याउने प्रचलन छ। बोटबाट फूल टिप्न हुन्न, पाप लाग्छ भन्ने जनविश्वास निकै प्रबल छ। यस वनस्पतिको प्रजातीय नाम Arbotristis (nyctanthus) ले पनि दुःखित वृक्ष भन्ने नै अर्थ जनाउँछ। पारिजातको पूरा नाम निक्टान्थस आर्वोटि्रस्टिस Nyctanthus arboristis को अर्थ लगाउन थाल्यौँ भने 'रातमा फुल्ने दुःखित वृक्ष' भन्ने कुरा खुल्न आउँछ। ग्रीक भाषाको शाब्दिक संयोजनले यही भन्छ।
पारिजात नेपाली साहित्यको एक स्रष्टाको नाम पनि हो। एक सफल साहित्यकारका रूपमा स्थापित विष्णुकुमारी बाइबाले आफ्नो साहित्यिक नामका लागि किन र कसरी पारिजातलाई चयन गरिन्, त्यो मेरो वशको विषय भएन, तर पारिजात भनेपछि नेपाली वाङ्मयमा शिरीषको फूल यत्तिकै टाँसिएर आउँछ। त्यही शिरीषको फूलबारे केही अन्योल हटाउने जमर्कोमा लाग्न चाहन्छु।
साहित्यकार पारिजात र पारिजातको फूल।
हिमाली खण्डमा पाइने शिरीष– खयर, बबुल तथा लज्जावती वर्गमा पर्ने माइमोसा Mimosa जातिको वनस्पति हो। नेपालका तराई भावर, चूरे, भित्रीमधेश र उष्ण पहाडी क्षेत्रमा ७/८ प्रजातिका शिरीष भेटिन्छन्। यसको वृक्ष मझौलादेखि निकै अग्लो (१०–१५ मिटर पनि) हुन सक्छ। शिरीषका पात मुलायम र उन्यूका पातझैँ असङ्ख्य स–साना पातहरूको संयुक्त पुञ्जमा सजिएको हुन्छ। फूल भने रेशमका अनगिन्ती धागोका पुञ्जहरू मिलेर हाँगाभरी लटरम्म हुन्छ। यी फूलको रङ जातअनुसार, गुलावी, प्याजी, फिका पहेँलो वा हल्का नीलो पनि हुन्छ; तर गाढा नीलो फूल भने कुनै पनि नेपाली रैथाने शिरीषमा फुल्दैन। टिप्नासाथ ओइलाएर जाने हुनाले शिरीषको फूल अति संवेदनशील वस्तुको प्रतीक मानिन्छ। अरू देव पूजामा प्रतिष्ठित भएपनि गणेशजीलाई यो फूल चल्दैन। दशैँ–तिहारको बेलादेखि शिरीषका पात झर्न थाल्छन् र फलहरू भने लामा–लामा चेप्टा कोसाका रूपमा रूखैमा पछिसम्म झुण्डी बस्दछन्। रूखैबाट टिपेको कोसामा राम्रो बीउ हुन्छ। कुनै शिरीषको बीउ सय वर्ष पनि बाँच्न सक्छ। वसन्तको आगमनसँगै वृक्षभरी पात झाङ्गिने र गर्मीयाममा निकै भरपर्दो छहारी दिने भएकोले चियावारीमा शिरीष रोप्ने चलन छ। कोसेवाली भएकोले शिरीषले हावाको नाइट्रोजन खिँची माटोलाई मलिलो बनाउन सहयोग पनि गर्छ। यो ज्यादै गुनिलो वनस्पति हो। यही वनस्पतिको नाममा एक लोकप्रिय उपन्यास सिर्जना हुनु निश्चय नै शोभायमान विषय हो। उपन्यासको शिरीषबारे पनि केही खोजीनिती र चर्चा हुनु आवश्यक छ। अब त्यतैतिर लागौँ पनि।
उपन्यासकी स्रष्टा पारिजात दार्जीलिङको एक चियावगानकी छोरी हुन्। निश्चय नै उनको वाल्यावस्थालाई चियावगानका शिरीषका वृक्षले छहारी दिएको हुनुपर्छ। झापा, इलाम र दार्जीलिङका चियावगानमा फुल्ने शिरीष र पारिजातको उपन्यासमा फुल्ने काठमाडौँ विशालनगरको शिरीष एकै जातका हुन् वा भिन्दै भन्ने प्रश्न धेरै दिनदेखि उब्जँदै बिलाउने गर्दैछ मेरो मनमा। हुन त शङ्कर लामिछानेले किताबको भूमिकामा लेखिसकेका छन्, “र मचाहिँ शिरीषको फूल नै नचिनेको मान्छे। किताब पढुन्जेल मेरा आँखामा ज्याकाराण्डा आइरह्यो– पछि थाहा पाएँ अङ्ग्रेजीमा यसलाई Mimisa sirissa भन्दा रहेछन्। यो फूल पत्याइनसक्नु किसिमले राम्रो फुल्छ रे!” त्यसो हो भने यो चियाबारीकै शिरीष हो? त्यसमा फुल्ने फूल रेशम धागोको डल्लो जस्तो झुप्पोमा फुल्दछ। यो प्याजी रंगको वा गुलावी रंगको हुन्छ। पारिजातले धेरै पल्ट वर्णन गरे जस्तो नीलो भने हुँदैन। ठाउँठाउँमा उनी लेख्छिन्, “र ठीक त्यही याम जहिले यी रूखहरूले आफूलाई नीलै बनाएर फुलाउँदछन्... एक चोक्टा हरियो चौर नीला शिरीषका फूलहरूले झण्डै छोपिएको... नीलो फूल र एउटी स्वास्नीमान्छे मेरो आँखाबाट ओझेल भइसकेका थिए... फेरि शिरीषका नीला फूलहरू क्रमशः झर्न लागेका थिए...” यो वर्णनका आधारमा त्यो उपन्यासको शिरीषको फूल चियावारीको शिरीष नभई काठमाडौँ बगैँचाको ज्याकाराण्डा (Jacaranda) सँग बढी मिल्न आउँछ। यसको पात शिरीषको पातसँग धेरै मिल्ने खालको भएकाले वैज्ञानिक नाम पनि ज्याकाराण्डा माइमोसिफोलिया (j. mimosifolia)राखिएको छ। अर्थात् शिरीष पाते ज्याकाराण्डा, वनस्पति दक्षिण अमेरिका विशेषतः ब्राजिलको रैथाने भएतापनि यसको अति आकर्षक र नीलो फूल र त्यो पनि अत्यधिक मात्रामा रूखै छोपिने गरी फुल्ने भएकोले उष्ण क्षेत्रमा पर्ने विश्वका अधिक शहर बगैँचामा यसले स्थान पाएको छ। वर्तमान काठमाडौँको सडक र बगैँचा चैतको उग्र घाम र वैशाखको खडेरीले तात्दा ज्याकाराण्डा वौलाएर फुल्छ। रूखै ढकमक्क नीलो हुने मात्र हैन झरेका फूलहरूले रूखको फेदी पनि नीलै हुन्छ। पारिजातको उपन्यासले यही ज्याकाराण्डालाई नीलो शिरीषका रूपमा प्रस्तुत गरेको छ। ज्याकाराण्डालाई शिरीष नाम दिने श्रेय यस अर्थमा पारिजातलाई नै जानुपर्दछ। काठमाडौँका मालीहरूले भने ज्याकाराण्डालाई “चखुँचा स्वाँ” अर्थात् भँगेरी फूल भन्ने नाम दिएका थिए। हुनपनि ज्याकाराण्डाको झरेको फूल हातमा राखेर हेर्दा भँगेराको आकृति निर्माण हुन्छ। तर, पारिजातको प्रचारले आज थुप्रै नेपालीहरू ज्याकाराण्डालाई शिरीष ठान्न थालेका छन्। काठमाडौँको सडकछेउलाई ज्याकाराण्डा शिरीषले ढाकेको धेरै वर्ष भएको छैन। पचास वर्ष पहिलेको काठमाडौँ शहरमा यी शिरीष यसरी फुलेको मलाई सम्झना छैन। त्रिचन्द्र कलेजमा वनस्पतिशास्त्र पढ्दा घण्टाघर अगाडि मसला र काँगियोका वृक्ष थिए, आजको जस्तो शिरीष थिएन। त्यसैले शङ्कर लामिछानेले २०२२ सालमा पनि शिरीषको फूलबारे अनभिज्ञता प्रकट गरे। त्यसबेलाको काठमाडौँका राणादरबार र क्याम्पहरूमा भने अनेकौँ आयातित फूल बिरुवा हुने गरेको तथ्य भेट्टाइन्छ। “उसको घर शिरीषका रूखहरूले घेरेको क्याम्प भित्र रहेछ” भन्नु चियावारीको सेरोफेरोमा आफ्नो बाल्यावस्था बिताउँदाको शिरीषको सम्झना नै शिरीषका फूल थिए वा नीलो ज्याकाराण्डामा नै उनले आफ्नो शिरीषका फूल भेट्टाइन्– त्यो अतितको कुहिरोमा बेरिएको छ। मेरो र पारिजातको जन्म वर्ष एकै रहेछ वि.सं.१९९४। वि.स. २०५० वैशाख ४ मा उहाँको स्वर्गारोहण भएको रहेछ। तसर्थ शिरीषको फूलको रहस्य खोल्न हामी पर्दा उघारेर एक–अर्कालाई हेर्न सक्तैनौँ। श्रद्धाको एक अँजुली भने अवश्य दिन सकिन्छ। (Source: Himal Khabar Patrika)

Tuesday, 18 March 2008

BEER is like a bread in Germany

German Chancellor Angela Merket drinking beer. She is one of the most powerful women in the World. She has been widely recognised for her bold and philanthropic works.Beer is considered as liquid bread in Germany. In the photos, she is drinking beer in leisure time to get relief of stress. Read more...

Sunday, 16 March 2008

WELCOME Party for Seven Nepalese Friends

These are some memorable photos for welcome party to our Seven nepalese friends from Institute of Forestry, Nepal who have arrived on 13 th March, 2008 Goettingen for the 3 months student exchange programme between IOF and Hochschule, Goettingen. We would like to heartly welcome all these friends. Among seven friends, 3 are female and 4 are males. 5 of them are from IOF, Pokhara Campus and 2 are from Hetauda Campus. This is very good initiation from IOF, it should be continued in future also. We, as the Goettingenli Nepalese Samaj, would like to welcome all of these friends and extend our best wishes for their successful and pleasant stay here in Goettingen.
The programme was held at the apartment of Baburam Rijal. We would like to thank him and his family for the nicest arrangements and best hospitality to all of us.

Saturday, 15 March 2008

Nepali congress leader Prakash Sharan Mahat


Some Election Campaigns:


Welcome to Nepalese Friends in Goettingen

We would like to welcome 7 Nepalese foresters here in Goettingen. They have arrived in Goettingen on 13 th of March for the 3 months training programme. All of they are qualified foresters and brilliant students in Institute of Forestry, Pokhara Nepal.
During their stay in Goettingen, they will find opportunity to experience German culture, high tech forestry technology and work dedication. We would like to extend our best wishes for their pleasant stay and fruitful journey.

Friday, 14 March 2008

Small but mighty: the world's shortest bodybuilder

In these troubled, despairing times, the world needs heroes to offer a message of hope to the huddled masses. Well, we have that hero:
They say that 'a noble spirit embiggens the smallest man.' If that's the case, then nobody could be more embiggened than Aditya 'Romeo' Dev - the world's smallest bodybuilder.
Dev, 19, who is excellent, stands just 33 inches tall - but weighs an impressive 9.25kg (just under 1.5 stone), and has a chest measurement of 20 inches.
'Romeo' trains at the Leo Health Club in Phagwara, India, where his trainer is club owner Ranjit Pal (also known as 'Mr Punjab'). Pal is reputed to be the fastest skipper in India, which is a fairly brilliant claim in itself.
In the wake of the sad events that saw Metro's perpetual favourite person, World's Tallest Man Bao Xishun, lose his title last year to some boring Ukranian bloke who's never saved a dolphin by sticking his hand down its throat, we seriously began to lose hope in humanity. Now, however, 'Romeo' Dev has restored that hope. He's like a smaller Barack Obama, but with dyed blonde hair and tiny dumbbells.

Thursday, 13 March 2008

Maoist are getting majority in CA election due to terror spread

As we have just 4 weeks to go for the election of Constituent Assembly, NCP Moist are seemed to win the election. Not only the popular support from people do they have (in their words!), they have the power of money, muscle and mandalein. As they notice that they are going to loose the election, they have lost the sense and tried to fool the people. They are obstructing the election programmes of other parties. They beat the former state minister Dilendra Badu in the Darchula, and most recently yesterday, they attacked the MP Dev Shanker Poudel in Ramechhap. It shows their loosing mentality.
Government is unable to stop their anarchy. People are in terror. With this terrification, they are going to win the CA election from many hilly and remote parts of Nepal. We would like to congratulate them for the success of terrifying the voters and getting the votes, and would like to welcome the anarchism in the country in future. Nepalese people are destined to tolerate all these. (photo: Dev Shanker Poudel, candidate of UML brutal attacked)

Monday, 10 March 2008

Top Ten Tips for Success in The Job Interview

In the last top ten tips I explored how to prepare for an academic interview. Now, here's how to get the best result on the day itself.

1. Arrive on time, but not too early
2. Be prepared to meet other candidates
3. Speak slowly
4. Maintain eye contact
5. Admit when you don't know
6. Discussing your research confidently
7. Offering teaching
8. Show enthusiasm
9. Be friendly
10. Finish on a positive note

1. Arrive on time, but not too early

If you are invited to an interview for 9am say, arrive between 8.45 and 9am, no earlier. You might inconvenience the staff who are meeting you: it's just as stressful preparing to interview candidates as being interviewed yourself! So if you arrive early walk around outside to clear your head and get some fresh air.

2. Be prepared to meet other candidates

In many academic interviews the American all-day format is used, which means that you will meet and have to interact with the other candidates. Try not to let yourself be intimidated by them, conversation will naturally move towards your current position, your jobseeking history, how many interviews you have attended recently and so on, but try to play things close to your chest, while remaining calm and friendly. Be open about your area of specialism for example, but not about what makes you stand out from the crowd.

3. Speak Slowly

In both the presentation and the interview, speak more slowly than you would normally. You will probably have good public speaking skills from lecturing experience and giving conference papers, but because you are unusually nervous you might speak too quickly.

4. Maintain eye contact

Again nerves can lead presenters to stare at their notes or the projector screen rather than their audience. Remember, as with a lecture, seminar or paper, make eye contact with your audience, especially when answering question. You will come across as confident and assured. But equally, don't stare at people! Be natural.

5. Admit when you don't know

In the presentation and the interview if you are faced with a question that you are unsure of, admit it. Do not try to bluff your way out of it ‘politician-style' by changing the subject or answering a different question. It is much more professional to ask the speaker to rephrase the question, or to be light-hearted and admit you don't know the answer. Your interviewers will respect you more for being honest.

6. Discussing your research confidently

It is important to discuss your past, present and future research plans confidently and if you have prepared well for the interview this should be no problem. Make sure you take time to explain your plans without rushing, and always relate them to the post they are interviewing for. Remember that the panel are highly educated but not necessarily subject specialists in your field, so pitch your research plans accordingly.

7. Offering teaching

For a teaching post you will have prepared some relevant responses about what you can offer in terms of teaching, but in some cases this may be ‘sprung' on you unexpectedly. It is important to come across as a confident, enthusiastic teacher. Under no circumstances discuss the confidential history of any students (although you can use general examples of, say, where you have given pastoral care) nor should you be critical of your current or previous institutions.

8. Show enthusiasm

Enthusiasm is key, make sure you smile a lot! Because of nerves, some people can appear subdued at interview, whereas in fact they are just naturally quiet. Don't let this be mistaken for lack of confidence or even being aloof. It is worth going that extra mile to show how enthusiastic you are about the job. For example, visit the university library or research labs during a break in the interviewing, show you have researched something relevant to your field.

9. Be friendly

Being friendly sounds obvious, but it is easy to forget that above all, the interviewers will be looking for a human being who will fit into their department. You will be spending a lot of time working with them and they want to know that you are down-to-earth and approachable. Academic interviews are incredibly competitive, all the candidates will be very highly qualified (if not over-qualified), so it is the personal touches that can make a real difference.

10. Finish on a positive note

Even if you feel the interview has gone badly, try to leave on a positive note. Thank the panel for their time and say that you look forward to hearing from them soon. Perhaps say that you have found the day very challenging but rewarding. Give a firm handshake and look the panel members in the eye. This will linger in their minds and will leave a better impression than slinking off with barely a word. Read more...

Friday, 7 March 2008

Maoist presented their election declaration

Today, Communist Party of Nepal, Maoist presented their declaration for building new Nepal after CA election. They termed "Commitment letter" instead of "Election Manifesto". They proposed that they will increase the per capita income (PNI) of Nepal to 5000 US $ within next 10 years. They will construct 10000 MW hydropower until that time.
People are very suscpicious about their "commitment". what are the sources and from where they will attract the investment to develop such a dream project! Read more...

Wednesday, 5 March 2008


This is the pray song for the Bal Yogeshwor Guru Maharaj jee. We like it very much since remembering Maharaj jee is forgetting all the painful things that exist in and around you. Please see this video and feel the miracle.


Sunday, 2 March 2008

NEWS from Goettingeli Nepalese Samaj

Due to lots of stress arouse from the unexpected illness of AARJU, we forgot many things to include in the website.
Most importantly, Lok Nath Paudel returned back from Nepal after his field work on 27th February. He didnot come alone. With him all the family members of Jeetendra Mahat also arrived in Goettingen. Mr. John Mahat (7years) and Ms. Angilla Mahat (2 years) accompanied with their mother, arrived without any difficulties to Germany. We as the Goettingeli Nepalese Samaj would like to extend our heartiest welcome to the Mahat Family. We wish the best for their nice and fruitful stay in Goettingen, Germany. Moreover, Mr. John Mahat got admission to Bruder Grimm School immediate after his arrival. To get admission in such a well known school is also great achievement. He will be joining this school from tomorrow (3rd March).
Similary, Mr. Netra Bhandari visited Denmark and China for his professional works. He has returned back to Goettingen on 1st March. We hope his stay would have been really nice and fruitful. Similarly, Mr. Rosan Devkota attended the conference in Bonn on Forest Policy. We are very hopeful on that their experiences and exposures would be beneficial to our country in developing sustainable forestry and upliftment of people's livelihood.
Besides, in February, we celebrated the birthday of our children. In the beginning, Ms. Agrata and Agrima Rijal celebrated their fifth birth day. On 29th February, Mr. Avi K.C. celebrated his fourth birthday. We wish all the best for them on the occasion of their happy birth day.
Despite of these, Our friend Ajaya Jung Kunwar is nearly at the end of his Ph.D. title. He is planning to submit his Ph.D. thesis in this month. He has been too busy with the thesis write up. We wish good luck to him!
Similarly, Our friend Ms. Archana Gauli is returning back to Nepal after her succesful completion of M.Sc. in Tropical and International Forestry. We wish all the best for her professional career in future.


Saturday, 1 March 2008

Briton Prince Harry served with Gurkha Soldiers

But two months into his tour of duty in Helmand, the 28-year-old non-commissioned officer found himself mentoring one of his regiment's youngest officers - Prince Harry.
(photos:Prince Harry sits with a group of Gurkha soldiers after firing a machine gun )
The former tank driver from Bendooragh near Coleraine in Northern Ireland - who holds the rank of Corporal of Horse in the Household Cavalry Regiment - was sent to Afghanistan to work as a Forward Air Controller (FAC) in the autumn.
The crucially important job involves covert aerial surveillance of Taliban positions, co-ordinating planes and helicopters entering his area and - when necessary - calling in airstrikes.
He was initially part of a two-man team, working with a South African captain. But when, having done back-to-back tours in Iraq and Afghanistan without a break, his work partner went home for some leave, Corporal Baxter was told he would be sent a newly trained FAC - Prince Harry. "He's a really down-to-earth person," he said. "To be honest I don’t think anyone thinks of him as third in line to the throne or anything, you just take him at face value as any other Household Cavalry officer."
The prince, 23, was bitterly disappointed last year to be told that plans to send him to Iraq had been cancelled. But, rather than leave the army, the prince retrained as an FAC last summer in order to go to Afghanistan - this time without any advance publicity. The idea was that he would be sent as part of the two-man team attached to his battlegroup headquarters at Forward Operating Base Dwyer in the far south of Helmand.
Harry arrived at the base just before Christmas and quickly hit it off with Corporal Baxter.
They had not previously been close friends but the County Antrim man was well used to seeing the prince around as they are both part of the Household Cavalry - although Harry is in the Blues and Royals unit while Corporal Baxter serves with the Lifeguards.
"His arrival as far as I could tell was kept quite hush hush," Corporal Baxter - who has been in the army nine-and-a-half years and served in Iraq and Kosovo as well as Afghanistan - explained. "A lot of people didn’t know he was coming out but he has fitted in really well.
"Everyone from the Household Cavalry Regiment knows him, has worked with him for about a year or so now. "We are used to having him about so it has not really been any change for us ... it has just been a surprise for those that are attached such as the gunners. "They were initially surprised to see him ... but at the end of the day he is just treated the same as any other officer from the regiment." Although Harry’s work saw him spend hours on end speaking with pilots from many countries over the radio, they knew him only by his call sign Widow Six Seven.
Corporal Baxter was one of the few in on the secret. “The first time he took over the net from his predecessor he was straight in there,” he explained. "He's really confident and sounded like he had been there for quite a considerable amount of time. "He has always got a rapport with the pilots that he’s talking to, I’m sure they would be quite shocked as well if they knew who they were talking to." During long shifts in the battlegroup operations room, it was not long before the two red-heads were sharing jokes and laddish banter.
"He fixed my radio for me so he's a good guy to have on board despite being ginger and Irish,” red-headed Harry affectionately joked. "It's a lethal mix." Despite the reason for the cancellation of the prince’s Iraq tour Corporal Baxter was relaxed about the presence of his high-profile colleague. "To be honest, it is something that I haven't really thought about myself, he’s not out on patrol all the time and it’s a question of whether any of the local nationals out here would recognise him, they don’t have TV, they don’t read newspapers. "If something was (written in the media) back in the UK it might change things. "But I don’t think it could get any more dangerous than what it already is." He added: "I think a lot of people are more happy for him, he was quite disappointed with the fact that he couldn’t get out to Iraq. "For any soldier to be told that they can’t go on tour for whatever reason is quite disappointing and most people are actually just glad to see that he has been able to do the job that he trained to do."